2014 Season Preview: Power Sources

Fan Confidence Poll: February 24th, 2014
Gardner's extension another sign of change that needed to be made

Exhibition games start tomorrow and the regular season is five weeks away. Between now and then, we’re going to preview the 2014 Yankees not individually, but by grouping players (and personnel) together into different categories. Today we’re going to look at the guys who will put the Bombers in Bronx Bombers.


The Yankees made history last season and not in a good way. They hit 101 (!) fewer homeruns last year than they did the year before, the largest year-to-year drop in baseball history. New York went from leading baseball in dingers (245) and ISO (.188) in 2012 to ranking 21st out of the 30 teams in both categories (144 and .133) in 2013, and their runs-per-game average dropped from 4.96 (second) to 4.01 (17th). The lack of power is a big reason why they missed the postseason for only the second time in 19 years.

Blame injuries (Curtis Granderson, Mark Teixeira) and blame roster construction (Ichiro Suzuki and Chris Stewart replacing Nick Swisher and Russell Martin, etc.) for the decline in power. All of that and more was a factor. The Yankees set out to fix that problem starting at the trade deadline last summer and they continued to add some power-hitting pieces over the winter. I doubt they will be able to hit 240+ long balls this coming season, but they should improve on last year’s power production overall. Here are the team’s primary power sources.

Alfonso Soriano
To the surprise of no one, Robinson Cano led the Yankees with 27 homers last season. Soriano managed to finish second on the team with 17 despite not returning to the Bronx until the deadline. The Yankees were that power starved. Cano left for the Mariners over the winter but the club will now have a full year of Soriano, which will help compensate a bit.

Despite turning 38 last month, Soriano has put together back-to-back 30+ homers seasons these last two years and he’s hovered in the .225-.238 ISO range over the last four seasons. He’s no longer the 40+ doubles threat he was earlier in the career, but he has managed between 27-33 two-baggers the last three years. Soriano is a steady 60+ extra-base hit bat and, most importantly, the average direction and distance of his batted balls has not changed at all since 2007. From Baseball Heat Maps:

Alfonso Soriano Batted Ball Angle and Distance

You can click the image for a larger view. The chart on the left is the horizontal angle of the ball off the bat — so +45° is the left field line and -45° is the right field line — and the chart on the right is the distance. Each red dot is an individual batted ball (grounders excluded, so this is everything he hit in the air) and the vertical clusters are individual seasons, so 2007-13 from left to right.

At Soriano’s age, any change in his batted ball angle or distance would have been a red flag and possibly an indication his bat has started to slow beyond the point of no return. Instead, Soriano continues to hit the ball to all fields (slightly more towards right field) and just as far as he did seven years ago. Sure, he’s had to make adjustments over the years, most notably switching to a lighter bat in 2012, but the end results are the same. He’s hitting the ball the same way he has for much of the last decade.

Now, that isn’t to say this will continue in 2014. Things can go south in a hurry when you’re talking about a player closer to 40 than 35, but there have been no obvious red flags in Soriano’s game to date. Outside of 2009, when he missed a month with a knee problem, Soriano has been a consistent 25+ homer, 25+ double, .220+ ISO hitter for a decade now, and aside from sudden age-related decline or injury, there is no reason to expect anything different in 2014. He is the Yankees’ best full-time right-handed power source by frickin’ far.

Brian McCann
New York’s catchers hit eight total homeruns last season, three of which came from Frankie Cervelli before he got hurt in mid-April. The catcher position was an offensive blackhole in 2013 and the Yankees rectified that problem by giving McCann a five-year contract worth $85M. The just-turned-30-year-old is one of only two catchers with 20+ homers in each of the last three seasons (Matt Wieters) and one of only eleven players (all positions) with 20+ homers in each of the last six seasons.

Of course, McCann hit all those dingers while with the Braves in Atlanta, playing his home games in a park that has been perfectly neutral in terms of left-handed homers over the last five seasons according to the park factors at FanGraphs. His lefty power was extra desirable to the Yankees because of Yankee Stadium‘s short right field porch, which is tailor made for McCann’s pull happy swing:

Source: FanGraphs

Don’t trick yourself into thinking McCann is something he isn’t. This guy is a pure grip it and rip it hitter who is going to try to yank everything over the right field wall. He’s going to hit .250-ish and walk enough (9.9% walk rate since 2011) to post decent but not great OBPs, but his real offensive value comes from his power. Homers too, forget about doubles.

I think the whole “sign a left-handed hitter and he’ll automatically hit a bunch more homers in Yankee Stadium” idea is generally overstated — not everyone’s swing fits the ballpark (see: Overbay, Lyle) — but McCann is exactly the kind of hitter who can really exploit that short porch. His career-high is 24 homeruns (2006 and 2011) and I wouldn’t be surprised if he finishes this year with 30-35 homers, especially if he spends some of his catching off-days at DH.

Carlos Beltran
Over the last three years, only ten outfielders have racked up at least 50 extra-base hits in each season. Soriano is one of them and another is Beltran, his new teammate. Heck, if you want to bump up the arbitrary criteria, Beltran is one of only four outfielders with at least 55 extra-base hits these last three years. Soriano is not one of the other three.

The Yankees finally snagged their white whale (well, I think he was the fans’ white whale more than the team’s) this winter by signing Beltran to a three-year deal worth $45M, nine years after declining to sign him at a discounted rate before he joined the Mets. Beltran has aged remarkably well as a hitter, dipping below a 120 wRC+ only once in the last eight years, and that was his injury-plagued 2010 campaign. He’s also managed 20+ homers and 25+ doubles in each of the last three years and six of the last eight years, with 2009-10 being the only exceptions. Injuries limited him to 145 total games those two seasons.

Unlike Soriano and McCann, Beltran is a switch-hitter. He maintained a .200+ ISO against both righties and lefties these last two years (.214 vs. LHP and .202 vs. RHP) but he is a different type of hitter from each side of the plate. Beltran is pretty much a dead pull hitter as a righty and an all-fields guy as a lefty, though he does the most damage from the left side when he pulls the ball to right field at this point of his career (spray charts). That’s perfectly fine and plays right into Yankee Stadium. The concern is the declining distance of his batted balls:

Carlos Beltran Batted Ball Distance

Given his age (37 in April), that little downtick last year (really the last two years) is a concern. It’s not much, but pretty much anything is a red flag with a player this age. On average, Beltran did not hit the ball as far last year as he did the year before. Could be a one-year fluke, could be a sign of age-related decline. We’re going to find out in the coming months.

I am pretty confident Beltran will be a 20+ homer, 25+ double guy for the Yankees this coming season and right now that is the most important thing. He could fall completely off a cliff in 2014 but it would be a surprise to me. (The 2015-16 seasons are another matter for another time.) Even if he is starting to slip due to age, some of Beltran’s would-be homers should still go for doubles in 2014. The guy is such a good pure hitter and it’s not like he was bad in 2013. The somewhat early signs of decline are there though. No doubt about it.

Mark Teixeira
Teixeira is a total unknown heading into this season. He missed almost all of last summer with a wrist injury, an injury that required season-ending surgery after a brief and failed return to the lineup. Teixeira is currently taking batting practice and is slated to start playing in Spring Training games in early-March, but wrist injuries are known to sap power even after the player has been cleared by doctors.


Even as his overall production has declined, the 33-year-old Teixeira has always remained a source of homers, hitting at least 33 dingers from 2008-11 and then 24 in 123 games in 2012. He has never once had a sub-.220 ISO during a full season in his entire career. Teixeira has admitted to changing his hitting style to take advantage of the short porch as a left-handed hitter and there’s no reason to think he’ll do anything differently going forward.

Guys like Jose Bautista and David Ortiz had similar wrist tendon sheath problems in recent years and it took them a few months before returning to their previous form. It’s easy to say Teixeira will hit for power because he’s always hit for power, but there’s just no way of knowing what he can do following the injury. He’s included in this post because hitting the ball over the fence is his thing, but there is a chance he might not do that in 2014, at least not early in the season. It might take him a while to get back in the swing of things.

Kelly Johnson
The Yankees gave Johnson a nice little one-year, $3M contract back in December and he is now their everyday third baseman in the wake of Alex Rodriguez‘s suspension. The 32-year-old isn’t much of a doubles guy but he has hit at least 16 homeruns in each of the last four seasons, and he has power to all fields:

Source: FanGraphs

Johnson can hit the ball of the park in any direction, which is a good thing. He’ll get some help from the short porch but he’s also shown he’s strong enough to drive those outside pitches the other way. Is he ever going to hit 26 homers with a .212 ISO like he did in 2010 again? Probably not, but the 16 homeruns he hit in 2012 and 2013 might become 18-22 in the Bronx. Considering the Yankees only had one guy mash 18+ taters last summer, getting a similar number from a player like Johnson, who is slated to bat seventh, will be a welcome addition.

* * *

On the other end of the spectrum, the Yankees do not figure to get much power from second base (Brian Roberts), shortstop (Derek Jeter), left field (Brett Gardner), or center field (Jacoby Ellsbury) this year. From that group, only Jeter (15 HR in 2012) and Ellsbury (outlier 32 HR in 2011) have managed to hit double-digit homers at some point in the last three years and neither is a lock to do it in 2014. Sure, Ellsbury might pop a few extra dingers with the move into Yankee Stadium, but for the most part his ground ball/opposite field approach won’t boost his homer total all that much. Those four guys will pick up some extra-base hits with their speed, but over-the-fence power isn’t happening. Soriano, McCann, Beltran, Teixeira, and Johnson will be leaned on for homers and extra-base hits.

Fan Confidence Poll: February 24th, 2014
Gardner's extension another sign of change that needed to be made
  • Nathan

    The Yankees will need a new power source in as soon as next year (if Soriano retires) and likely in two years (Soriano likely gone by then, natural aging of Tex & Beltran).

    Really McCann is the only reliable power source moving forward, possibly Tex if he can bounce back well.

    • Havok9120

      While you raise a valid point, I choose to disregard it at this time due to spring happiness and the fact that there’s really very little else they could have done to improve the offense this offseason at reasonable prices.

    • TWTR

      I will take the over on 20 with Beltran and Ellsbury.

      Anyway, I would rather have hitters who can hit a lot of 2B than the big hairy monster silliness.

      • WhittakerWalt

        And here I thought last season would have cured everyone of the “TOO MANY HOMAHS” nonsense.
        Guess not.

    • Jorge Steinbrenner

      Yes. This is a team still in heavy transition. It’s a good thing they realize that.

  • jjyank

    Cue that one guy to come on here and yell about every power hitter being a Tony Bosch VIP client.

    Kidding aside, I’m pretty amped to watch these guys knock some balls out of the park. Can the games start now please?

    • Jim Is A (Bored) Peckerhead

      Pretty please?

    • I’m One

      Personally, I really don’t care if they’re Tony Bosch-induced homers or not, as long as the Yankees hit them (and they don’t get caught).

  • jv

    I miss the “THEY HIT TOO MANY HOMERUNS.” crowd. Hopefully that will return this year. :)

    • jjyank

      That’s my hope as well.

    • TWTR

      My view is that there are very few people who think you can hit too many HR. For many, it is the lack of versatile hitters.

    • The Great Gonzo

      #TOOMANYHOMERZ was the best thing ever.

      #TOOFEWHOMERZ kinda sucked.

    • vicki

      george brett told me homeruns kill rallies.

      • Macho Man “Randy Levine”

        If he ever said that to me, I’d just say something like, “Yea, the home run you hit in the ’80 ALCS and the Pine Tar home run really hurt your team, didn’t they?”

      • TWTR

        McCarver thinks players who walk a lot clog the bases.

        So for whatever reason, stupid is overvalued in baseball.

        • WhittakerWalt

          Tim McCarver also thinks leadoff walks lead to more runs than leadoff homers

    • BigLoving

      I feel like the “too many homeruns” was media driven non-sense that stunads jumped on board with. I don’t think anybody who knows baseball would ever say there is such a thing as too many home runs. The issue with the 2012 team was there were too many guys who had awful BA’s, OBP’s and struck out a ton. Granderson hit .232 that year, Martin .211, Tex .250, Ibanez .240, Jones .197. The only guys with power on that team that had good numbers around the board were Swisher and A-rod, both of whom are horrible players come playoff time. It was extremely frustrating to watch that team hit 4 home runs one day off of a sub par pitcher only to get shut out the following game by a decent pitcher.

      • Havok9120

        Don’t bring that disproven myth back about them sucking against anyone but the worst pitchers. That was nonsense when first stated and has only grown more nonsensical since.

  • YanksFan

    I think they’ll be fine this year. I also don’t think people realize how bad the rest of MLB is these days in the power department. If the Yanks had hit 27 more HR’s and scored 50 more runs they would be top-10 in baseball in those categories last year. Compare them to MLB not their past selves and you feel differently about them.

    I read in the Daily News yesterday that there were only 30 players who hit 25 HR’s last season. So if Ellsbury hits 17, what are you truly losing?

    Last year’s averages were 155 HR’s and 675 runs. Let’s ponder that please to place the Yanks output in context.

    • TWTR

      Joel Sherman made a similar point at the time of the Montero trade, citing the value of a young, cost-controlled power hitter given MLB’s declining overall power.

      Of course, that was before Biogenesis and Montero’s ingestion of a small city.

      • Jorge Steinbrenner

        Aaron Judge kisses his biceps and laughs maniacally.

        • The Great Gonzo

          Rob Gronkowski is rethinking football right now.

        • TWTR

          Probably needs to shorten his swing, but if he does…

      • mahkk

        +1 to this stuff. Home runs are great, but if you can’t manufacture runs any other way, it’s not going to help much in the postseason. With steroids gone, we need to put these numbers in context. I know it’s fun to beat other teams into the ground, but you can score runs other ways. So basically what I’ve gotten out of commenters the last few weeks of reading this is that as long as the Yankees have a power hitter at every position and get Stephen Drew, we’re gonna win the world series.

        • Jorge Steinbrenner

          If the Yankees get Stephen Drew and Almeydes Diaz, they win the Super Bowl.

          • Masahiro Dinero

            If the Yankees get Stephen Drew, Almeydes Diaz, and trade for Chase Headley they’ll win the World Cup.

      • Macho Man “Randy Levine”

        That last comment can be taken multiple ways.

        The weight gain, obviously, but you can also interpret that as the “he went to Seattle and promptly sucked like any other young hitter” meme.

        • Jorge Steinbrenner

          In this case, he sucked……down half of Pike Place Market.

        • TWTR

          Except his platoon split v. LHP in his first season there was encouraging for a young player:

          .322 .366 .463 .830

    • vicki

      “If the Yanks had hit 27 more HR’s and scored 50 more runs…”

      that’s what my daddy would call a Big If.

      • Havok9120

        Agreed. It is a reasonable point about how close everyone is, though. And it isn’t exactly hard to see this lineup doing either of those things, either.

  • Baked McBride

    I disagree about Ellsbury and Roberts. I think they hit 25-30 HRs between the two of them…more than enuf souvenirs from our smurfs

  • Tim

    I have to say that I think this website and many of those in the comment section are incorrectly ignoring the potential power contribution of Jacoby Ellsbury this season. The Yankees, I believe, chose to invest in him as a player because the recognized the potential for him to not just be a game changer on the bases, but also his power potential. You cannot ignore the fact that, as a player playing the vast majority of his games in Fenway Park, he tailored his swing to that park’s dimensions. Now he is playing in Yankee Stadium, and he has had a season of power when he chose to adjust his plate strategy and focus on pulling the ball more (something I am guessing he does again this year). My guess is, with Kevin Long guiding him, Ellsbury surprises a lot of people on this site and contributes significant power to this team.

    In fact, I’d be willing to bet that he hits more HR this season than Cano does (assuming both are reasonably healthy and play a substantial compliment of their team’s games).

    • The Great Gonzo

      I think you are vastly overrating Jacoby Ellsbury’s power potential.

      • Jorge Steinbrenner

        Unless it’s actually SCOTT SIZEMORE.

      • The Great Gonzo

        And I said that BEFORE I read the Cano comment. You really getting into the park factors.

    • New Guy

      Ok. 100 dollars. I’ll take Cano, respectfully of course.

    • Jorge Steinbrenner

      Bless your heart, Tim. He’s not hitting more HR’s than Robbie this season.

      • CS Yankee

        I fair bet would be Soriano vs. Cano…

        Ells vs. Cano is like Bambi vs. Godzilla

  • Tim

    The only way they don’t AT LEAST get to that number, IMO, is if Roberts gets hurt early in the season. Otherwise, they should easily attain that number (if not more).

    • Tim

      Reply FAIL. Meant for Baked McBride’s comment above.

  • Jorge Steinbrenner

    I don’t feel intimidated by this. I’d be lying if I said I wasn’t concerned as to Tex, but I do think Beltran will be helped greatly by DHing and that ALPHONSO hasn’t really shown any reason for concern thus far. Johnson’s dingers may be a bonus and, yes, I do expect Ellsbury to at least scratch double digits.

    Also, Mike, you left Scott Sizemore off this list. I don’t know if I can take this list seriously without Scott Sizemore’s massive HR potential.

    • Mr. Roth

      I have Sizemore signed up for at least 15 HRs.

      In April.

      • Havok9120

        Good man.

  • Darren

    It’s kind of amazing that the Yankees “only” dropped less than a run per game from 2012 to 2013. Watching those games in June and July you would have thought they averaged 3.01 runs per game, not 4.01. It felt like every single game was scoreless through 5, and not in a good pitcher’s duel kind of way.

    In any case, this year is bound to be more exciting with McCann, full year of Soriano and Beltran and Ellsbury instead of Ichiro/Vernon. With a healthy Jeter, Tex and Roberts and even Johnson in the mix, our infield should overall have much more power than last year. I can certainly see Jeter getting a little power happy in his final year and cranking 15 to 20 homers.

    And for the commenters talking about 2015 the day before games start in 2014, you should really get a life.

    • Jorge Steinbrenner

      “I can certainly see Jeter getting a little power happy in his final year and cranking 15 to 20 homers.”

      Isolated for emphasis.

      • Darren

        Eh, you want me to talk about Dean Ana or what,the whole thing. (That was my Steve Sommers impression).

        Anyway, Jeter still might break Rose’s all time hit record – this year!

        • vicki

          you’re the king, eddard – er, i mean ….

  • vicki

    mark teixeira straight pimpin in that picture.

  • Greg

    I don’t think you’re correctly assessing Ellsbury’s approach. He’s not up their trying to yank the ball over the fence, but to say he’s just an opposite field, groundball hitter is inaccurate. He hits flyballs at an above-league average rate. It’s not extreme, but you make it sound like his approach is that of a lefty Jeter.

  • Bryan

    I think Soriano’s home run swing is my favorite since Tino Martinez’s.