Game Four: Severino Friday


For the first time this season, the Yankees are on the road away from Yankee Stadium. They begin a six-game road trip this afternoon in Detroit — today is the Tigers’ home opener — against a Tigers team that is looking to go back to the postseason after finishing in last place a year ago. The Tigers had basically the opposite offseason of the Yankees. They spent big on free agents to plug their roster holes.

Enough about the Tigers though. Young Luis Severino is on the mound this afternoon, and based on his limited work last season, you could argue he is the Yankees’ best starting pitcher. I’m not sure I’d go that far just yet, but the point is he’s in the conversation. Soon it could be crystal clear. Severino’s importance to the Yankees both in the short and long-term can not be overstated. He’s a hugely critical piece of the puzzle. Here is the Tigers’ lineup and here is the Yankees’ lineup, which looks very much like the lineup you’d expect to see for a day game following a night of travel:

  1. CF Jacoby Ellsbury
  2. LF Brett Gardner
  3. 2B Starlin Castro
  4. DH Mark Teixeira
  5. 1B Dustin Ackley
  6. 3B Chase Headley
  7. SS Didi Gregorius
  8. RF Aaron Hicks
  9. C Austin Romine
    RHP Luis Severino

It’s sunny — cold, but sunny — in Detroit right now, and there is some rain and snow in the forecast later tonight. It looks like the wet stuff will stay away long enough for them to get the game in, thankfully. Could be a problem if they go to extra innings though. Today’s game will begin just after 1pm ET and you can watch on YES. Enjoy.

Bullpen Update: Joe Girardi said Ivan Nova, who threw 56 pitches Wednesday night, will not be available today or tomorrow. He should be good to go by Sunday though.

Lineup Update: Girardi said everyone is healthy, he’s just resting his veterans. “I’m trying to stay ahead of it … I’m not running out a bunch of 25 and 26-year-old kids,” said the skipper to Erik Boland. The Yankees have been talking about giving their regulars more rest since the end of last season.

4/8 to 4/10 Series Preview: Detroit Tigers

Ausmus. (Presswire)
Ausmus. (Presswire)

It’s time for the first road trip of the season. The Yankees begin a six-game, seven-day road trip this afternoon in Detroit. It is the Tigers’ home opener, hence the afternoon game. The two teams will be in Comerica Park for three games this weekend.

What Have They Done Lately?

The Tigers played two games in Miami earlier this week to open the 2016 season. Detroit swept the two-game series — they won the first game 8-7 in eleven innings, and the second game 7-3 in regulation time — and they are currently one of only five remaining undefeated teams this season. The Orioles, Cubs, Pirates, and Reds are the others. The Reds!

Offense & Defense

Last season the Tigers finished in last place, partly because they scored only 4.28 runs per game, the sixth lowest total in the league. Over the winter they added OF Justin Upton and OF Cameron Maybin, and committed to C James McCann behind the plate. (Maybin is out with a broken wrist.) They’ll also have a full season of 1B Miguel Cabrera. He was limited to 119 games by a calf strain last season.

Because the season is still so very young — Upton leads the Tigers in plate appearances with eleven — I’m going to do what I did with the last series preview. Here are the 2015 performances and 2016 ZiPS projections for everyone on Detroit’s roster. Sorry for dumping a big glob of numbers on you so early on a Friday morning.

2015 Performance 2016 ZiPS
C James McCann
.264/.297/.387 (85 wRC+), 7 HR, 1 SB .253/.288/.360 (75 wRC+), 6 HR, 3 SB
1B Miguel Cabrera
.338/.440/.534 (165 wRC+), 18 HR, 1 SB .306/.389/.517 (144 wRC+), 24 HR, 2 SB
2B Ian Kinsler
.296/.342/.428 (111 wRC+), 11 HR, 10 SB .277/.324/.411 (100 wRC+), 12 HR, 11 SB
SS Jose Iglesias
.300/.347/.370 (97 wRC+), 2 HR, 1 SB .275/.322/.343 (82 wRC+), 3 HR, 9 SB
3B Nick Castellanos
.255/.303/.419 (94 wRC+), 15 HR, 0 SB .264/.314/.428 (101 wRC+), 16 HR, 1 SB
LF Justin Upton
.251/.336/.454 (120 wRC+), 26 HR, 19 SB .265/.348/.481 (125 wRC+), 28 HR, 13 SB
CF Anthony Gose
.254/.321/.367 (90 wRC+), 5 HR, 23 SB .247/.312/.351 (83 wRC+), 6 HR, 26 SB
RF J.D. Martinez
.282/.344/.535 (137 wRC+), 38 HR, 3 SB .282/.340/.535 (135 wRC+), 35 HR, 5 SB
DH Victor Martinez
.245/.301/.366 (77 wRC+), 11 HR, 0 SB .279/.338/.451 (109 wRC+), 18 HR, 1 SB
C Jarrod Salty
.225/.310/.435 (100 wRC+), 9 HR, 0 SB .225/.307/.394 (90 wRC+), 12 HR, 1 SB
IF Andrew Romine
.255/.307/.315 (70 wRC+), 2 HR, 10 SB .240/.289/.307 (63 wRC+), 3 HR, 10 SB
OF Tyler Collins
.266/.316/.417 (99 wRC+), 4 HR, 2 SB .239/.294/.370 (80 wRC+), 12 HR, 8 SB
UTIL Mike Aviles
.231/.282/.317 (65 wRC+), 5 HR, 3 SB .249/.282/.346 (69 wRC+), 6 HR, 1 SB

Jarrod Salty is Jarrod Saltalamacchia. His name is too damn long and it was screwing up the table formatting, so I had to shorten it. Anyway, the Tigers still have a very dangerous lineup. Cabrera is one of the best pure hitters in the world and J.D. Martinez has broken out as a big time power threat. The Astros released him two years ago, the Tigers picked him up, tweaked his swing a bit, and he’s hit 61 homers the last two seasons.

Victor Martinez did not play in the team’s first two games of the season because there was no DH during the interleague series in Miami, but he came off the bench and managed to hit a pinch-hit home run in both games. He’s currently rocking a 1,340 wRC+. Manager Brad Ausmus stacks his best hitters at the top of the lineup. He doesn’t get cute by sticking a bat control guy (Iglesias) in the two-hole or anything like that. Kinsler, Upton, Miggy, and the Martinezes (Martini?) are his 1-5 hitters. That’s a tough stretch of lineup right there.

Defensively, the Tigers are not so good. Castellanos is probably the worst defensive third baseman in the game today. He’d be at first or DH (maybe left field) for most teams, but the Tigers don’t have room for him in those spots. Upton and Martinez are weak in the outfield corners too. Here is Sean Dolinar’s cool defensive visualization for the Tigers:

Tigers defense

I’m surprised to see the numbers don’t like Gose in center field. Of course, Gose recently called defensive stats a “big scam” and insinuated they’re designed to make players look bad so the owners save money. I guess we’ll get three games to judge him with our own eyes this weekend.

Pitching Matchups

Friday (1pm ET): RHP Luis Severino (vs. DET) vs. RHP Jordan Zimmermann (vs. NYY)
This offseason Zimmermann became the first pitcher in baseball history to sign a $100M+ contract after having Tommy John surgery. (Shin-Soo Choo did it previously as a position player.) The Tigers signed the 29-year-old Zimmermann to a five-year contract worth $110M because, well, he’s really good. He had a 3.66 ERA (3.75 FIP) in 201.2 innings last year and it was a down year. The year before that he had a 2.66 ERA (2.68 FIP) in 199.2 innings. Zimmermann has never been a huge strikeout guy (19.7% in 2015) nor a huge ground ball guy (42.0%), but he limits walks (4.7%) and excels at getting weak contact. If you square him up though, you can do some damage (1.07 HR/9). Historically Zimmermann has been far more effective against righties than lefties, mostly because he doesn’t have much of a changeup. He threw his mid-80s changeup only 2.7% of the time from 2013-15, including 0.3% of the time in 2015. Zimmermann uses his low-to-mid-90s four-seamer — he has long been considered a guy whose fastball plays up because it has a lot of life, which folks are attempting to quantify these days using spin rate — to set up his mid-to-upper-80s slider and low-80s curveball. I’m interested to watch Zimmermann going forward. He’s coming off a down but still very good year, and is making the NL-to-AL transition.


Saturday (1pm ET): LHP CC Sabathia (vs. DET) vs. RHP Mike Pelfrey (vs. NYY)
I am convinced Pelfrey is the next Jamey Wright. We’re going to look up in about ten years, and Pelfrey’s still going to be there, signing minor league contracts each offseason and helping teams as the last man on the staff. Before you know it the guy’s going to have a 20-year career. Anyway, Pelfrey, 32, signed a two-year deal worth $8M per season over the winter. He had a 4.26 ERA (4.00 FIP) with an awful strikeout rate (12.0%) but good to great walk (6.3%), grounder (50.8%), and homer (0.60 HR/9) numbers in 164.2 innings with the Twins a year ago. Last season was the first full healthy season of his career in which he had a big platoon split. Big Pelf has a sinker right around 94 mph and he throws it a lot, more than 70% of the time last year. A low-80s splitter is his main secondary pitch, but he only threw that 15% of the time a year ago. The remaining 15% of his arsenal is filled by below-average sliders and curves, and get-me-over four-seam fastballs in 3-0 counts. That lack of a knockout secondary pitch is the reason Pelfrey hasn’t been able to live up to the hype of being the ninth overall pick in the country (2005). He’s serviceable, but that’s about it.

Sunday (8pm ET): RHP Masahiro Tanaka (vs. DET) vs. RHP Justin Verlander (vs. NYY)
Verlander, now 33, is the longest tenured Tiger. It wasn’t too long ago that he was the best pitcher in the world, and even though those days are over, he was very good last year — did you know he had a 3.38 ERA (3.49 FIP) in 2015? I bet you didn’t — and looks primed for a great 2016 now that he’s over the lingering triceps injury that hampering him for much of last summer. His strikeout rate is only a touch better than league average these days (21.1%), but he still doesn’t walk anyone (6.0%) and he remains a pop-up master. That why he had a better than average 0.88 HR/9 despite a microscopic 34.6% grounder rate last year. Verlander’s had a pretty significant reverse split the last few seasons because his upper-80s changeup is so good. To wit:

Justin Verlander changeup

Nasty. Verlander doesn’t throw 100 mph on the regular like he did earlier in his career — PitchFX says he threw his last 100+ mph pitch in September 2013 — but he can still hump it up into the mid-90s. He also still has that hammer curveball and a sneaky good slider. At his peak, Verlander was operating with two 80 pitches (fastball, curveball) on the 20-80 scale and a third that was a 60 or so (changeup). Everything is down a grade or two nowadays, which is still enough to be effective. Verlander took a no-hitter into the sixth inning against the Marlins on Opening Day. He was ultimately charged with three runs on three hits and two walks in six innings.

Bullpen Status

The Tigers have a bad bullpen. I don’t even know if that’s correct, but it’s been true for so long that I assume that’s the case. New closer RHP Francisco Rodriguez has already blown a save, coughing up a three-run lead in the ninth inning on Opening Day. The relief corps has been pretty good aside from that, allowing two runs in 7.2 innings in the first two games of the year. Here is their bullpen and some numbers:

2015 Performance 2016 ZiPS
RHP Francisco Rodriguez
2.21 ERA (2.91 FIP), 28.7 K%, 5.1 BB% 3.33 ERA (3.35 FIP), 24.0 K%, 5.5 BB%
RHP Mark Lowe
1.96 ERA (2.56 FIP), 28.4%, 5.6 BB% 3.69 ERA (3.44 FIP), 23.8 K%, 7.0 BB%
LHP Justin Wilson
3.10 ERA (2.69 FIP), 27.1 K%, 8.2 BB% 3.63 ERA (3.48 FIP), 22.6 K%, 9.4 BB%
RHP Logan Kensing
2.23 ERA (3.57 FIP) in Triple-A 4.72 ERA (4.70 FIP), 15.4 K%, 10.0 BB%
RHP Drew VerHagen
2.05 ERA (4.35 FIP), 18.0 K%, 9.4 BB% 4.40 ERA (4.20 FIP), 13.9 K%, 9.5 BB%
LHP Kyle Ryan
4.47 ERA (5.26 FIP), 12.7 K%, 8.4 BB% 5.22 ERA (4.78 FIP), 12.0 K%, 7.3 BB%
RHP Buck Farmer
7.36 ERA (6.65 FIP), 12.9 K%, 9.1 BB% 5.61 ERA (5.23 FIP), 16.6%, 7.9 BB%

Ausmus is currently without RHP Alex Wilson, who was the team’s best reliever from start to finish last season. He’s on the 15-day DL with a sore shoulder. Also, former hotshot prospect RHP Bruce Rondon is in Triple-A because he continues to struggle with a) throwing strikes with his upper-90s heater, and b) his conditioning. Those are two guys I’m sure the Tigers were hoping would be big pieces of the bullpen out of the gate.

The three guys at the back of the bullpen (K-Rod, Lowe, Wilson) look like a formidable trio, assuming they repeat their 2015 numbers and don’t pitch to the projections. Justin Wilson is basically the same thing as Aroldis Chapman, I hear. Death, taxes, the Tigers having a bad bullpen. It is the natural order of things.

Yankeemetrics: Welcome back, baseball (April 5-7)

(AP Photo)
Just call me Starsky. (AP Photo)

Deja Boooooo
After nearly five months of waiting for meaningful baseball games, the Yankees’ 2016 season started in familiar fashion with a loss to the Astros and Dallas Keuchel at Yankee Stadium, the same way the 2015 campaign ended.

The good news is that they managed to score against Keuchel, who entered the game with a 1.12 regular-season career ERA against the Yankees — the third-lowest by any pitcher in the last 100 seasons (min. three starts) — and riding a 28-inning scoreless streak versus the team. The bad news is that the end result was the same: another frustrating loss to open the season.

For the fifth year in a row and the seventh time in eight tries, the Yankees dropped game No. 1 on the schedule, matching the franchise record for most consecutive losses in season openers. The mark was set nearly eight decades ago, when they lost five straight Opening Day games from 1934-38.

Still, there were some notable highlights midst the carnage. Starlin Castro and Didi Gregorius made history when they took the field as the first Yankee middle infield duo to start on Opening Day at age 26 or younger since Willie Randolph and Bucky Dent in 1978.

Castro then doubled in the first two Yankee runs of the season, becoming the first Yankee second baseman with a multi-RBI game on Opening Day since Alfonso Soriano in 2003 (Robinson who?). Gregorius completed the scoring with an eighth-inning homer. The only other shortstops in franchise history to homer on Opening Day were Derek Jeter (three times) and Bucky Dent (1981).

This is the first time in the last 100 seasons of Yankee baseball that both of the team’s middle infielders each had an extra base hit and an RBI in a season opener.

Sweet Sixteen
The temps were still chilly on Wednesday night but the Yankee bats heated up as they crushed the Astros, 16-6, in the middle game of this series.

Castro stole the show for the second straight day, delivering four hits while driving in five runs. The only other Yankees with at least four hits and five RBI in a game this early into the season were Bill Dickey (1934), Yogi Berra (1956) and Tino Martinez (1997).

His seven RBI in the first two games are the most by any Yankee in his first two contests with the team, and matched the franchise record for most RBI in the team’s first two games of the season. The three other guys to do that each have a plaque in Monument Park: Babe Ruth (1932), Berra and Martinez.

Mark Teixeira chipped in another two hits and four RBI, giving the team a rare offensive explosion from the right side of the infield. The last time the Yankees had their first baseman and second baseman each record at least two hits and drive in four or more runs in the same game was July 7, 1935. A couple Hall of Famers, Lou Gehrig and Tony Lazzeri, combined for six hits and 11 RBI against the Senators.

The other dugout featured a young slugging phenom, too, as 21-year-old Astros shortstop Carlos Correa went 4-for-5 with two homers in the losing effort. Correa became the youngest player with four-plus hits, including at least two homers, in a game against the Yankees over the last 100 years.

Eight is enough
The Yankees took the opening series of the season after beating Houston, 8-5, in the rubber game on Thursday.

The offense has stolen the headlines in the first week of the season. This is now the seventh time the Yankees have scored at least 27 runs in the first three games combined. They won the AL pennant in five of the six previous seasons it happened, and the World Series three times.

The team’s seven homers are tied for the fourth-most through three games in franchise history, while their .962 OPS is the second-best by a Yankee team in the Wild Card Era this early into the season.

The pitching, on the other hand, has been less than good (mild understatement, yes!). They’ve allowed at least five runs in each of the first three games, making their 2-1 start even more impressive. The last time the Yankees gave up five-plus runs in three straight games to begin the season — yet still emerged with a winning record — was 1962.

Teixeira had the biggest hit of the game, a tie-breaking three-run homer in the bottom of the seventh inning that gave the Yankees a 8-5 lead. It was his 396th career home run, tying Joe Carter for 57th place on the all-time MLB list, and it was his 193rd with the Yankees, passing Tino Martinez for 17th on the Yankees leaderboard.

Castro, too, continued his scorching-hot start with another multi-hit game and a homer. His 1.250 slugging percentage and 1.833 OPS are both the best marks by any Yankee middle infielder with at least 10 plate appearances in the team’s first three games.

DotF: Mateo, Andujar lead Tampa to a win on Opening Day

I hate to start the first DotF of the season with bad news, but … bad news: Jim Callis says C Luis Torrens has been shut down after experiencing discomfort in his surgically repaired shoulder during Spring Training. Bummer. He missed all of last season following labrum surgery, but was healthy enough to do some baseball work in Instructional League last fall. Hopefully this is just a minor blip and he’s back soon.

If you missed it yesterday, we posted a ton of minor league notes, so check that out if you haven’t already. And if you didn’t miss it, check it out again anyway. In honor of DotF tradition, here are the full lineups on Opening Day.

Triple-A Scranton‘s game was suspended due to rain after four innings. They’ll finish it tomorrow. CF Slade Heathcott had two hits and C Gary Sanchez threw a runner out from his knees, so says Donnie Collins. Here’s the box score.

[Read more…]

Teixeira’s go-ahead home run propels Yankees to 8-5 win over Astros

(Al Bello/Getty Images)

Hey look, first win streak of the season! After several innings of chasing the lead (and tying the game), Yankees won Thursday’s game on a decisive Mark Teixeira three-run homer in the bottom of seventh. After dropping the season opener, New York won the next two to also the series as well.

Selectively Nasty Nate

(Al Bello/Getty Images)

Nathan Eovaldi flashed some nasty stuff: fastball hitting 100, slider and splitter at around low-90’s. Even when the weather wasn’t optimal for pitchers today, he flashed that mid-season heat that would make some forget about the frigid weather in Bronx for the last few days.

But all that didn’t stop from Astros’ bats fro scoring runs off him. In the top of the second, 1B Tyler White hit his first career home run. He had allowed a double to Luis Valbuena on a 89 mph slider and White hit a 87 mph splitter out of the park. With the next batter, against Preston Tucker, Eovaldi gave up another dinger and Houston led 3-0. If you are a Yankee fan, it’s not what you want, especially considering that Eovaldi isn’t exactly known for gopher balls (0.58 HR/9 last year).

That was not all for Eovaldi either. The fourth inning sort of summarized his outing: hard stuff, hard hits. He allowed three hits – one of them a deep double by Carlos Gomez – but also struck out two. Nate showed flashes of being an overpowering pitcher while allowing hard-hit balls without completely breaking down overall. Eovaldi’s final line – 5 IP, 6 H, 5 ER, 0 BB, 7 K’s and 2 HR’s allowed – should reflect that. It’s not the prettiest start from Nasty Nate but there are positives.

Fighting for the lead, one at a time

The Yankees had a chance to score in bottom of second with one out and runners on corners. Chase Headley hit a sac fly to drive Teixeira in from third to make it 3-1. It didn’t seem like Headley drove the ball that well but the wind pushed the ball back further. Next up was Starlin Castro, who has been hitting cover off the ball this series. He got another hit but got thrown out on the second trying to stretch the double to end the inning. Off the bat, the ball was hit hard enough to be a home run but it just wasn’t high enough to clear the fence. Castro didn’t really bust out of the batter’s box either.

New York tacked on another run in the third when Jacoby Ellsbury doubled to deep right to score Didi Gregorius for a 3-2 score. They had even bigger hits in the fourth to continue the chase. Brian McCann took the first pitch from Mike Fiers in his second at-bat deep to cut the deficit to 5-3, and Castro followed it up with a solo homer of his own to make it 5-4.

Speaking of whom, how about Starlin Castro? We’ve gushed over his hot start here in RAB and today added more for us to admire. Sure, it’s too early to call it a success after three ML games but he *has* hit for a 1.833 OPS and played vital roles in offense for all of them. he’s a young player who’s clearly talented – he just has to maintain that success consistently.

It wasn’t just Castro who was hot today – the top five of the lineup (Ellsbury, Brett Gardner, A-Rod, Teixeira and McCann) combined for 9-for-21 today, which is always what you want.

Tex message to the other way

(Al Bello/Getty Images)

New York tied the game up 5-5 in the bottom of fifth with A-Rod’s first base hit of the year driving in Ellsbury. Two innings later, they took a lead against two impressive Astros relievers – Will Harris and Ken Giles. Harris had a great 2015 campaign with a 1.90 ERA in 71.0 IP while Giles was one of the most dominating relievers in ML, striking out 11.19 batters in 9 IP with a 1.80 ERA.

Harris got Ellsbury to ground out to start the frame. Gardner followed it up with a single, which prompted A.J. Hinch to bring in Ken Giles to minimize the damage. Giles, facing A-Rod, challenged him with two very hard fastballs – Rodriguez swung and missed on both, looking a little bit late. However, on the next pitch – another heater – A-Rod caught up to it and singled to center to put two runners with one out.

Teixeira was the next hitter. On a 1-0 count, Tex hit an outside 98 mph fastball that cleared the left field fence (just barely) for a three-run homer, giving Yankees their first lead of the day. I do not know if that would have been a home run in many ballparks but I will say this: it was hit hard and would have brought in at least a run or two in neutral parks. Giles, by the way, only allowed two home runs in all of 2015. In this series, he allowed two in two appearances. Baseball can be weird like that.

The scripted finish

Today, Dellin Betances looked like the Dellin Betances we’ve all come to know. At his best, he can make hitters look silly by making them chase at a curve down the dirt, and that’s exactly what he did to both Carlos Correa and Colby Rasmus.

Following Betances was, as always, Andrew Miller. Miller didn’t exactly have a squeaky clean outing, allowing two hits in the ninth inning. He did, however, strike out the side to wrap the game up and earn his first save of the year. His stuff looked pretty good, not showing any ill effects from chipped right wrist.


Speaking of relievers – Kirby Yates made his Yankee debut today in the sixth and I’d say he did well – in a scoreless frame he allowed a hit but struck out two. I don’t know how he will perform moving forward but if he can register and outing like that frequently, he can be a nice piece throughout the season.

Here are the box score, highlights, and WPA graph:

Source: FanGraphs

Yankees go onto their first road trip of the year tomorrow, playing the Detroit Tigers for a three-game weekend series in Comerica Park.

Thursday Night Open Thread

Here is the open thread for the evening. The MLB Extra Innings package is still in a free preview, so find the channels and you can watch any game you want tonight. The three local hockey teams are in action as well. Talk about those games or anything else right here.

Game Three: Rain, Rain, Go Away


The good news: the Yankees have a baseball game today! The bad news: it’s raining in New York. The other good news: it’s supposed to stop raining at some point! There are going to be on and off showers the rest of the afternoon and into the evening, but the forecast does make it seem there will be a large enough window for today’s game to be played. The field may be sloppy, but so it goes.

The Astros are not scheduled to return to Yankee Stadium this year, so expect the two teams to wait this one out as long as necessary. If the game does indeed have to be postponed, the good news is the Astros have to come to New York. The travel wouldn’t be tough for the Yankees. The two clubs have eight mutual off-days this summer. Hopefully it doesn’t come to that. Here is the ‘Stros lineup — as expected, Michael Feliz was send down for a fresh arm following last night’s 107-pitch relief outing (!) — and here is the Yanks’ lineup:

  1. CF Jacoby Ellsbury
  2. LF Brett Gardner
  3. DH Alex Rodriguez
  4. 1B Mark Teixeira
  5. C Brian McCann
  6. RF Carlos Beltran
  7. 3B Chase Headley
  8. 2B Starlin Castro
  9. SS Didi Gregorius
    RHP Nathan Eovaldi

Like I said, the weather is pretty yucky in the Boogie Down. It’s been raining most of the afternoon and there will be occasional showers throughout the rest of the day. Hopefully they can squeeze in nine innings, or at least four and a half if the Yankees have the lead. Today’s game is scheduled to begin a little after 4pm ET and you can watch on YES locally and MLB Network nationally. Enjoy the game.

Update: The Yankees say they intend to begin today’s game at 4:15pm ET. Hopefully that’s the only delay.